(You'll find the answers in the comments section of this post, but we have to check it in class first)
Seven tips for making idiomatic phrasal verbs easier to learn:
1. Be careful when checking for meaning in your dictionary – phrasal verbs often have more than one meaning. Study the context of the sentence in which you first saw the phrasal verb. From that context you may be able to tell which definition in the dictionary is the one you need.
2. If possible, ask a native speaker about the meaning of the phrasal verb.
3. Find out how common the phrasal verb is (again, a native speaker will be a big help). Focus on learning common phrasal verbs, not ones which are seldom used.
4. Learn the phrasal verb as part of a sentence or phrase (this helps you to remember it).
5. Double check that you can use the phrasal verb correctly. You can do this by inventing your own sentence containing the verb and again asking a native speaker if it’s correct. By doing this, for instance, you will see if you are putting the object of the verb in the correct place. Look at these examples: ‘I invite friends over’ and ‘I invited over friends’ are both correct because the position of the object is flexible with this verb. However, with the verb give up, we can say ‘I gave up smoking‘ but not ‘I gave smoking up’.
6. Don’t try to learn every meaning of a phrasal verb: one is enough to start with. Learn the other meanings once you are sure you’ll remember the first.
7. Look out for phrasal verbs in your favourite songs. Pop music is full of them, and having a melody makes words much easier to remember.
How about starting with the songs at MYPLACEFORENGLISH ?
Here is a list of phrasal verbs that contain put.
A word in brackets, such as something, means that we can use the phrasal with or without that word.
put something downTo stop carrying something.
Put down those heavy bags you’re carrying and take a seat.
He stopped writing and put his pen down for a moment.
put money downTo pay a deposit on something.
I put a £1000 deposit down on the car.
put money inTo make a financial contribution.
The cost of driving to Paris and back is €400 so we all need to put in €100.
put something offTo postpone or delay something.
She put off telling him the bad news until he was feeling happier.
A procrastinator is someone who is always putting things off.
put off, be put off (something)To get the feeling that something is bad and consequently to change your mind or plan.
I’d love to try oysters but the look of them always puts me off.
It puts me off my writing if lots of people are talking around me.
I was put off going to India when I read about how many tourists get ill when they go there.
be put off (by something)To be distracted or disturbed by something else happening.
The footballer missed the penalty because he was put off by the crowd whistling.
put on weightTo get fatter.
He put on a lot of weight after he lost his job and had to stay at home.
No dessert for me, thanks – I don’t want to put on weight.
put something onTo turn on something electrical.
I’ll put the television on – there’s a good film on tonight.
Put the light on! I can’t see.
put someone outTo be upset by something someone has done.
I don’t want to put you out but could you work late tonight?
put up the price of somethingTo increase the price of something.
The government have put up VAT again.
We’ve put up our prices in order to cover our costs.
put something upTo fix something to a wall.
Why don’t you put a sign up to tell people where the party is.
I’m going to put some more pictures up on the wall.
put someone upTo accommodate someone; to let someone sleep at your house for a night or a few nights.
Can you put me up for a few days while I’m in London?
put up with somethingTo live with something you don’t like; to tolerate something you don’t like.
I have to put up with my husband’s snoring.
How do you put up with all the noise that your neighbours make?