23/2/09

The Future - Grammar Tips


THE FUTURE


****** FUTURE SIMPLE(Future with 'Will'):


Form : S+ WILL+ Base form

Affirmative: I will go with you; It will rain tomorrow.
Negative: He will not / won’t live here next year.
Interrogative: Will you stop this quarrel?


Note: will is also a normal verb and means : querer; Will you marry me?


USES:

1. A prediction about the future.
i.e. The computer will break down// You’ll be a doctor in the future.
2. A spontaneous decision made at the moment of speaking.
e.g. Do you know what? I’ll buy it! // O.K. I’ll talk to my boss.
Note: i.e. (in exemplum) or e.g.(exempli gratia)
3. Make a Promise.


****** Be Going To:


Form: S+ be+ going to+ base form


Affirmative: She is going to live with you.
Negative: He isn’t going to help him.
Interrogative: Are they going to sell their house?


USES:

1. An intended action in the future.
(Intenciones o planes de futuro.)
i.e. The council is going to introduce a new surveillance system next year.
We are going to study abroad next semester.
2. An action which has a clear outcome, because you can see
the evidence. (Indica lo que está apunto de ocurrir, vemos indicios )
e.g. He has a gun in his hand , he is going to rob.


****** Present Continuous (Future idea):

Form: S+ Be+ (Verb+ ing)
Affirmative: He is flying to Manchester tomorrow.


USES:

1. A planned action for the near future.
( acciones planeadas que ocurrirán en un futuro próximo)
e.g. She is leaving her job tomorrow// The council is voting the new plan next week.


****** Future Continuous:


Form: S+ Will+ Be+ (Verb+ing)


USES:

1. An action in progress at a specific moment in the future.
i.e. Don’t call at 9.00. We’ll be watching a film
They will be getting married next Sunday.// At this time next year, he will be studying engineering. // When you arrive in Boston, I'll be sleeping soundly in my bed.// What will you be doing this time next week?

****** Future Perfect:


Form: S+ Will+ Have+ Past Participle.

USES:

1. A completed action at a specific time in the future. (to express something that will have been done up to a precise point in time in the future.)
(Expresa una acción acabada en un momento concreto del futuro)i.e.By the end of the course, you Hill have paid your debt.//By three o’clock we’ll have finished school tomorrow//She'll have read the book by the time you arrive./

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