9/8/08

Selectividad 2007

UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCÍA
PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD
ANÁLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLÉS)
Instrucciones: a) Duración: Una hora y treinta minutos.
b) No se puede usar diccionario.
c) La puntuación de cada pregunta está indicada en las mismas.


STOP SMOKING OR WE MAY NOT OPERATE ON YOU

Patients will have to try to give up the habit if they want to get treatment, such as knee replacement. Posters with “Those
who don’t, may not be treated” are all over hospitals. The Health Service in Britain is millions of pounds in debt and this
strategy will help save money on care. Hospital managers say smokers are at greater risk of complications when having
operations, they take more time to recover, and they have longer and more expensive stays in hospital.
Critics accuse them of putting finances before the health of patients, but the hospitals are giving 5 an opportunity to
smokers, proposing that if they need surgery they must undergo therapy for three months in order to get out of the habit. If
they have made a strong effort to stop smoking but have failed, they may still get surgery, but if it is believed that they have
not tried hard enough, then they may not be operated on.
The National Health Service is following guidelines from the Government, which allows them to consider patients’
10 lifestyles when deciding if a treatment would be effective. Smokers, however, say that they are being discriminated against.
The pro-smoking pressure group Forest says: “Smokers pay their taxes like everyone else, they have the right to free
healthcare.” Last year, health authorities in Suffolk stopped obese people from having operations until they tried to lose
weight.
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)

a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
(1 point per answer)
1) Why do critics say that hospitals put money before health? (Give two reasons)
2) How does the British Health Service want to solve its financial problems?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE
TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Hospitals warn patients.
4) If you have smoked for less than three months, you may be operated on.
5) Smokers say they are put at a disadvantage.
6) Smokers are not the only patients who are not allowed to have surgery.

(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)

7) Give an adjective with the same root as CARE (noun) (line 3) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text one synonym for CHANCE (noun). (0.25 points)
9) Give one opposite for FAIL (verb) (line 7) (0.25 points)
10) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
“advice on what to do about something” (noun) (0.25 points)
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
Medicine is a complicated subject. I know very little about it.
12) Turn the following sentence into reported speech: (0.5 points)
“I’ll pay for the operation”, he said.
13) Complete the following sentence: If I were a smoker...
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all and only the words in the boxes without
changing their form.
(0.5 points)

(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)

15) Write a composition (80-100 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options. Specify your option.
a) What do you think about the prohibition of smoking in public places?
b) Is health the most important concern for people?

Keys for the Exam:


UNIVERSIDADES DE ANDALUCÍA
PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD
ANÁLISIS DE TEXTO EN
LENGUA EXTRANJERA
(INGLÉS)
Instrucciones: MUY IMPORTANTE: por favor, aténgase a los criterios de corrección redactados por la
Ponencia de Inglés de Andalucía.
KEY TO “STOP SMOKING OR WE MAY NOT OPERATE ON YOU”
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN
WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why do critics say that hospitals put money before health? (Give two reasons)
BECAUSE HOSPITAL MANAGERS SAY THAT SMOKERS TAKE LONGER TO RECOVER, HAVE MORE
COMPLICATIONS AND THEIR STAYS IN HOSPITALS ARE LONGER AND MORE EXPENSIVE.
2) How does the British Health Service want to solve its financial problems?
BY CUTTING DOWN ON THE NUMBER OF PATIENTS.
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES FROM
THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Hospitals warn patients.
TRUE. “THOSE WHO DON’T, MAY NOT BE TREATED.” (line 2)
4) If you stop smoking for three months, you may be operated on.
TRUE. “IF THEY NEED SURGERY THEY MUST UNDERGO THERAPY FOR THREE MONTHS IN ORDER TO
GET OUT OF THE HABIT.” (line 6)
5) Smokers say they are put at a disadvantage.
TRUE. “SMOKERS, HOWEVER, SAY THAT THEY ARE BEING DISCRIMINATED AGAINST.” (line 10)
6) Smokers are not the only patients who are not allowed to have surgery.
TRUE. “HEALTH AUTHORITIES IN SUFFOLK STOPPED OBESE PEOPLE FROM HAVING OPERATIONS
UNTIL THEY TRIED TO LOSE WEIGHT” (lines 12-13)
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Give an adjective with the same root as CARE (noun) (line 3) CAREFUL, -LESS, -FREE, -ING (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text one synonym for CHANCE (noun). OPPORTUNITY (line 5) (0.25 points)
9) Give one opposite for FAIL (verb) (line 7) SUCCEED
10) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
“advice on what to do about something” (noun) GUIDELINES (line 9) (0.25 point)
11) Join the following sentences using a relative pronoun. Make changes if necessary. (0.5 points)
Medicine is a complicated subject. I know very little about it.
MEDICINE IS A COMPLICATED SUBJECT ABOUT WHICH I KNOW VERY LITTLE.
MEDICINE IS A COMPLICATED SUBJECT I KNOW VERY LITTLE ABOUT.
I KNOW VERY LITTLE ABOUT MEDICINE, WHICH IS A COMPLICATED SUBJECT.
12) Turn the following sentence into reported speech: (0.5 points)
“I’ll pay for the operation”, he said.
HE SAID HE WOULD PAY FOR THE OPERATION.
13) Complete the following sentence:
If I were a smoker... I WOULD …. (0.5 points)
14) Use the words in the boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all and only the words in the boxes without changing
their form. (0.5 points)
HEAVY SMOKING CAN MAKE TREATMENT INEFFECTIVE
make heavy can ineffective smoking treatment


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